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Antibiotics for malaria treatment

Antibiotics for malaria treatment

Update - 2022.05.08

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by protozoa of the genus Plasmodium. It is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of Africa, Asia, and South America. The parasites that cause malaria are spread by mosquitoes infected with them. Malaria symptoms may include fever, chills, headache, nausea and vomiting. Left untreated, malaria can be fatal. There are several different types of malaria parasite, but the most common is Plasmodium falciparum.

Antibiotics for malaria treatment

Antibiotics are used to treat malaria infections. The most common antibiotics used for this purpose are doxycycline and clindamycin. These antibiotics kill the parasites that cause malaria infection. They also help reduce fever and other symptoms associated with the disease.

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Vibramycin

Vibramycin is a prescription antibiotic medication used to treat certain types of infections caused by bacteria or parasites including malaria. Vibramycin belongs to a class of medications called tetracyclines which work by stopping the growth or reproduction of bacteria or parasites. When used correctly, Vibramycin can be an effective treatment for many forms of malaria including Plasmodium falciparum (the most deadly form), Plasmodium vivax (the most common form), and Plasmodium ovale (a less common form).

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Clindamycin

Clindamycin is a lincosamide antibiotic, meaning it belongs to the class of antibiotics that includes erythromycin and lincomycin. It was first isolated in 1945 from Streptomyces clavuligerus, a soil bacterium. Clindamycin is effective against both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, making it useful for treating a variety of infections. It can be given intravenously (by IV), orally, or topically (via cream or gel).

Clindamycin is most commonly used to treat serious infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria such as streptococcus, staphylococcus, and pneumococcus. These types of infections include pneumonia, sepsis (a potentially life-threatening condition caused by infection), skin infections such as abscesses and cellulitis (a bacterial infection of the skin), bone infections such as osteomyelitis (infection of the bone marrow), joint infections such as septic arthritis (joint inflammation due to infection) ,and endocarditis (inflammation of the lining inside heart chambers). Clindamycin may also be used to treat some types malaria parasites.

Symptoms of malaria

For most people who get malaria, symptoms begin abruptly and become more severe as the infection worsens. Fever is often accompanied by shaking chills or rigors (severe body shakes). Other common symptoms include headache; muscle aches; joint pain; tiredness; loss of appetite; nausea and vomiting; diarrhea ;and difficulty breathing in severe cases . In some cases there may be skin rash , changes in mental status (such as confusion), or seizures . Severe illness and death can occur if not treated quickly with antimalarial medications.

How_can_I_prevent_malaria

How can I prevent malaria?

How to prevent malaria:

There are a few simple things that you can do to prevent malaria.

Use insecticides. Insecticides are chemicals that kill mosquitoes

There are many different types of insecticides, and each one works a little bit differently. Some work by killing the mosquito outright, while others make it difficult for the mosquito to breed or lay eggs.

DDT, malathion, and pyrethrum are all used to control malaria:

  • DDT is a very effective insecticide that was once used extensively to control mosquitoes. However, it has been banned in many countries because of its potential adverse effects on the environment.
  • Malathion is also an insecticide that is effective against mosquitoes. It is less toxic than DDT, but it can still cause adverse effects if not used properly.
  • Pyrethrum is a natural product derived from the chrysanthemum flower that is also effective against mosquitoes.

There are also repellents that you can use to keep mosquitoes away from your skin. Repellents contain chemicals that mask your scent or taste, making it difficult for mosquitoes to find you.

DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide) is a chemical that has been used for many years as an insect repellent. It is effective against mosquitoes, ticks and other insects. DEET can be applied to the skin or clothing. It should not be used on children younger than 2 months old.

There are a number of preventive malaria drugs available, which can be used in different ways.
Chloroquine and proguanil are two such drugs that can be taken as tablets before traveling to a malaria-affected area, or as a course of injections for long-term protection.
Mefloquine is another drug that can be taken as a tablet or an injection, and it also has the advantage of being effective against other tropical diseases such as yellow fever and leishmaniasis.

And you also should remember such simple advices as to:

  • Wear long sleeves and pants: When possible, wear clothes that cover as much skin as possible; it will help protect you from mosquito bites.
  • Stay in air-conditioned or well-screened areas: Mosquitoes prefer to bite people who have been outside in warm weather so staying inside in cool places will help reduce your risk of being bitten. If you must go outside, try to avoid peak biting times, which occur during dawn and dusk hours when mosquitoes are the most active outdoors.
  • Use bed nets treated with insecticide.

And of course there are several drugs available for the treatment of malaria, including chloroquine, doxycycline, and artemisinin derivatives (such as artemether and lumefantrine).

These drugs are typically given in combination in order to reduce the risk of resistance developing:

  • Chloroquine is a medication used to prevent and treat malaria. It is also effective for treating amebiasis. Chloroquine is taken by mouth. Common side effects include vomiting, headache, and diarrhea. Serious side effects include seizures, eye damage, and low blood pressure. Use during pregnancy may result in harm to the baby. Chloroquine is a type of quinoline medicine called an antimalarial
  • Doxycycline is a tetracycline antibiotic used to treat malaria and other bacterial infections. It is available as a tablet, capsule, or syrup. Doxycycline may cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It should not be given to children under 8 years old or pregnant women.
  • Artemisinin-based combination therapies are the current frontline treatment for malaria. They are very effective against all forms of the disease, including drug-resistant strains. However, resistance to artemisinins is starting to emerge in parts of Southeast Asia and Africa. If this trend continues, it could lead to a global resurgence of malaria.

Antibiotics for malaria treatment

Antibiotics kill bacteria and other microorganisms and can be effective against some forms of Malaria infection when used in combination with other anti malarial medications

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