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Top drugs for blood pressure control

Top drugs for blood pressure control
Update - 2022.05.16

What is the blood pressure of a healthy person?

The answer to this question may surprise you. Blood pressure is not static; it changes throughout the day, in response to activity, stress, and other factors. For most people, blood pressure falls during sleep and rises when they wake up.

A normal blood pressure for an adult is 120/80 mmHg or lower. This means that the systolic (top number) reading should be below 120 mmHg and the diastolic (bottom number) reading below 80 mmHg. However, these are just general guidelines; your optimal blood pressure may be different depending on your age and health status. Talk to your doctor if you’re concerned about your blood pressure or if you’re taking medication to lower it

What is high blood pressure?
High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is a condition in which the force of the blood against your artery walls is too high. Over time, this extra force can damage your heart and arteries. High blood pressure can lead to heart attack, stroke, and other health problems. You can control high blood pressure through lifestyle changes and medication.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Nosebleeds
  • Chest pain

How do you get high blood pressure?

The exact cause of hypertension is unknown in most cases. However, there are certain risk factors that may increase your chances of developing it such as: age (hypertension becomes more common with age), race (African Americans are more likely to develop hypertension than Caucasians), family history of hypertension, being overweight or obese, eating too much salt or not enough fruits and vegetables, drinking too much alcohol, and stress
What is the best treatment for high blood pressure?

What is the best treatment for high blood pressure? The answer to this question may surprise you. While there are many medications and treatments available for high blood pressure, the best treatment is often a change in lifestyle. This means making changes to your diet, exercise habits, and stress levels.

One of the most important things you can do to lower your blood pressure is to have a healthy diet. You should aim to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, and lean protein. You should also limit processed foods and sugary drinks. Eating this way will help keep your blood pressure under control while providing important nutrients that your body needs.

Exercise is another important part of managing high blood pressure. Regular exercise can help improve heart health by reducing stress levels, helping you lose weight if needed, and increasing overall fitness level (which makes it easier to do other activities without putting extra strain on the heart). Try incorporating at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity into your daily routine five times per week, or more if possible.

Finally, managing stress levels is key in preventing hypertension from developing or worsening. Techniques like yoga or meditation can be effective ways to reduce stress over time. If these don’t work for you, try allocating specific times each day just for yourself where you can relax without any distractions .

Top drugs for blood pressure control

If you’re one of the millions of people around the world who suffer from high blood pressure, you know how important it is to keep your numbers in check. But with all of the different medications available for blood pressure control, it can be tough to decide which one is right for you.

Top drugs for blood pressure control

Top drugs for blood pressure control

Below is a list of the ten most common antihypertensive drugs on the market

1

ACE inhibitors


ACE inhibitors are a class of drugs used to treat high blood pressure, heart failure, and other conditions. They work by relaxing the muscles in the walls of your blood vessels. This helps your blood flow more easily and lowers your blood pressure. Examples of ACE inhibitors include Enalapril (Vasotec), lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril), and ramipril (Altace).

2

Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)


Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are a class of drugs used to treat high blood pressure, heart failure, and other conditions. They work by blocking the action of angiotensin II, a hormone that causes blood vessels to narrow. This helps to lower blood pressure and improve heart function. Some common ARBs include losartan (Cozaar), valsartan (Diovan), and irbesartan (Avapro).

3

Beta blockers


Beta blockers are a type of drug that is used to treat conditions such as high blood pressure, heart failure, and angina. They work by blocking the effects of the hormone adrenaline on the heart. This can help to lower blood pressure and improve symptoms such as chest pain. Beta blockers come in both prescription and over-the-counter forms, and are available in tablet, capsule, or liquid form

4

Calcium channel blockers (CCBs)


A class of drugs that block the movement of calcium into heart muscle cells and blood vessel walls. This relaxes the muscles around the heart and blood vessels, improving blood flow and reducing blood pressure. CCBs are used to treat high blood pressure, angina (chest pain), and other heart conditions. Examples include amlodipine (Norvasc), diltiazem (Cardizem), nifedipine (Procardia), verapamil (Calan, Verelan), and felodipine (Plendil).

5

Diuretics


A type of drug that helps the body get rid of excess fluid by increasing urine production. Some common examples include hydrochlorothiazide, furosemide, and spironolactone. These drugs are often prescribed to treat conditions like high blood pressure and edema (swelling). While diuretics can be effective in relieving symptoms, they can also cause side effects like electrolyte imbalance and dehydration

6

MRAs or Aldosterone antagonists


Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists  – are a class of drugs that block the action of aldosterone, which is a hormone that regulates blood pressure and fluid balance. MRAs are used to treat conditions such as hypertension, congestive heart failure, and cirrhosis. Examples of MRAs include spironolactone and eplerenone

7

Alpha blockers


Are a type of drug that is used to treat high blood pressure and other heart-related conditions. These drugs work by blocking the action of certain chemicals in the body that can cause the heart to beat too fast or irregularly. Some common alpha blockers include: doxazosin (Cardura), prazosin (Minipress), tamsulosin (Flomax) and alfuzosin (Uroxatral).

8

Central agonists


They are a type of high blood pressure drug that work by stimulating the central nervous system. This results in a decrease in blood pressure. One example of a central agonist is clonidine.

9

Renin inhibitors


Renin inhibitors are a class of drugs used to treat high blood pressure. They work by blocking the action of renin, an enzyme that helps regulate blood pressure. Examples of renin inhibitors include aliskiren and losartan.

10

Nonselective beta-blockers


Beta-blockers are a class of drugs used to treat high blood pressure, heart failure, and other heart conditions. There are two main types of beta-blockers: selective and nonselective. Nonselective beta-blockers work by blocking the effects of both the good and bad types of cholesterol in your body. This can cause problems like weight gain, sexual dysfunction, and sleep problems. Examples of nonselective beta-blockers include propranolol (Inderal) and metoprolol (Lopressor).

What is Low blood pressure?

Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, is a condition in which the blood pressure falls below the normal range. This may cause lightheadedness or fainting. Low blood pressure is usually not a serious condition and does not require treatment unless it causes symptoms.

There are several things that can cause low blood pressure, including dehydration, heart problems, medication side effects, and changes in hormone levels. Some people have naturally low blood pressure and do not need to take any action to maintain their health. However, for others who experience symptoms from low blood pressure or have a history of related health problems, there are some steps that can be taken to increase the amount of oxygenated blood flowing through the body.

These include:

  • Drinking plenty of fluids throughout the day to stay hydrated
  • Eating regular meals and snacks to help maintain energy levels
  • Avoiding caffeine and alcohol if they tend to dehydrate you
  • Eesting when needed and avoiding strenuous activity during periods of extreme heat or cold.

If lifestyle changes alone do not help improve your symptoms or lower your risk for complications associated with hypotension, medications may be prescribed by your doctor in order to increase your BP back into the normal range.

What is the best treatment for Low blood pressure?

There are many potential treatments for low blood pressure (hypotension). The best approach depends on the underlying cause of the condition. In some cases, lifestyle changes such as increasing salt intake, drinking fluids, and exercising may be all that is needed. Other times medications or even surgery may be necessary.

If hypotension is caused by dehydration, increasing fluid intake will help to raise blood pressure. Drinking water and other clear liquids can help to increase blood volume and improve circulation. Sports drinks that contain electrolytes can also be helpful in restoring balance lost due to dehydration.

In cases where low blood pressure is caused by a medication side effect, adjusting or stopping the medication may resolve the issue. If it is due to an underlying health condition such as heart disease or kidney failure, treatment of those conditions may help to improve hypotension symptoms.

Some people with low blood pressure find that eating high-salt foods helps them feel better; however, this should only be done under a doctor’s supervision as too much salt can also have negative effects on health.

Treatment typically involves medications to raise the blood pressure.

The following are some of the most common medications used for hypotension:

1

Diuretics


Diuretics are drugs that help rid the body of excess fluid. They are often prescribed to people with hypotension to help increase their blood pressure.

2

Beta blockers


Beta blockers work by blocking certain hormones that cause widening of the arteries. This helps to reduce symptoms of hypotension by decreasing heart rate and reducing stress on the heart muscle.

3

ACE inhibitors


ACE inhibitors work by preventing an enzyme from converting angiotensin I into angiotensin II. Angiotensin II is a hormone that causes constriction of arteries and increases blood pressure. By preventing this conversion, ACE inhibitors can help lower blood pressure in people with hypertension or hypotension .

4

Calcium channel blockers


Calcium channel blockers work by relaxing muscles around veins and arteries, which allows more blood flow through them without as much resistance. This reduces overall workload on the heart and lowers blood pressure.

5

Vasodilators


Vasodilators are drugs that open up (dilate) veins and arterioles, allowing more blood flow through them. This reduces resistance against moving blood throughout the body and lowers blood pressure as a result.

 

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